Corvus enca (Horsfield, 1822) sec. Corvids of the World

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Corvus enca (Horsfield, 1822) sec. Corvids of the World

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Asia-Tropical Malesia (Borneo nativeA, Jawa (Jawa nativeA), Lesser Sunda Is. (Bali nativeA), Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia nativeA,1), Philippines (Philippines nativeA,2), Sulawesi (Sulawesi nativeA,3), Sumatera (Sumatera nativeA,4))
1. W Malaysia, 2. only Balabac, Palawan, Mindoro, Luzon, Samar and Mindanao, 3. Sulawesi and nearer satellite is., Sula Is., 4. Sumatera, Nias, Simeulue, Mentawi Is.


Sarawak, Borneo: on Kinabalu about the Dusun villages up tp 1000 feet.B

Brood parasite


Sarawak, Borneo: Rather a scarce species, and never met with in flocks, but generally seen in pairs.B


A. 2003: The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. 3rd Edition: 504-515
B. Whitehead, J. 1893: Exploration of Mount Kina Balu, North Borneo: 112 (reprint from 2012) [34]
C. Makatsch, W. 1955: Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]: 192 [8672]