Corvidae Leach, 1820 sec. Droege, G., Corvids of the World

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Corvidae Leach, 1820 sec. Droege, G., Corvids of the World

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Distribution

Africa East Tropical Africa nativeA; Macaronesia (Canary Is. (Canary Is. nativeA), Cape Verde (Cape Verde nativeA)); Northeast Tropical Africa nativeA; Northern Africa nativeA; South Tropical Africa nativeA; Southern Africa nativeA; West Tropical Africa nativeA; West-Central Tropical Africa nativeA; Western Indian Ocean (Madagascar (Madagascar nativeA)), Asia-Temperate Arabian Peninsula nativeA; Caucasus nativeA; China nativeA; Eastern Asia (Japan nativeA, Korea nativeA, Nansei-shoto (Nansei-shoto nativeA), Taiwan (Taiwan nativeA)); Middle Asia nativeA; Mongolia (Mongolia (Mongolia nativeA)); Russian Far East nativeA; Siberia nativeA; Western Asia nativeA, Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent (Assam (Assam nativeA), Bangladesh (Bangladesh nativeA), East Himalaya nativeA, India nativeA, Maldives (Maldives nativeA), Nepal (Nepal nativeA), Pakistan (Pakistan nativeA), Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka nativeA), West Himalaya nativeA); Indo-China nativeA; Malesia (Borneo nativeA, Jawa (Jawa nativeA), Lesser Sunda Is. (Lesser Sunda Is. nativeA), Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia nativeA), Maluku (Maluku nativeA), Philippines (Philippines nativeA), Sulawesi (Sulawesi nativeA), Sumatera (Sumatera nativeA)); Papuasia nativeA, Australasia Australia (New South Wales nativeA, Northern Territory (Northern Territory nativeA), Queensland (Queensland nativeA), South Australia (South Australia nativeA), Tasmania (Tasmania nativeA), Victoria (Victoria nativeA), Western Australia (Western Australia nativeA)); New Zealand (New Zealand North (New Zealand North introduced: naturalizedA), New Zealand South (New Zealand South introduced: naturalizedA)), Europe nativeA, Northern America nativeA, Pacific North-Central Pacific (Hawaii (Hawaiian Is. nativeA)); Northwestern Pacific (Marianas nativeA); Southwestern Pacific (New Caledonia (New Caledonia nativeA)), Southern America Brazil (Brazil North nativeA, Brazil Northeast nativeA, Brazil Southeast nativeA, Brazil West-Central nativeA); Caribbean (Cuba (Cuba nativeA), Dominican Republic (Dominican Republic nativeA), Haiti (Haiti nativeA), Jamaica (Jamaica nativeA), Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico nativeA), Turks-Caicos Is. (Turks-Caicos Is. nativeA)); Central America nativeA; Northern South America nativeA; Southern South America (Argentina Northeast nativeA, Argentina Northwest nativeA, Chile North (Antofagasta nativeA, Tarapaca nativeA)); Western South America nativeA

Behaviour

Caching is very common in almost all Corvid genera worldwide. de Kort and Clayton (2006) performed tests with captivated birds and compared it with literature sources. Nucifraga, Perisoreus, Garrulus, Cyanocitta and Gymnorhinus are thereafter highly specialized cachers. No caching is known for the South-American genus Calocitta. All others are moderate cachers, as their ancestor might have been too (see Fig 1 in de Kort and Clayton, 2006).H

Ectoparasite

Philopterus corvi (Linnaeus, 1758)I Philopterus leptomelas (Nitzsch, 1866)I Philopterus albidus (Piaget, 1880)I Philopterus atratus Nitzsch, 1818I Philopterus clayae R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus ptilostomi R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus thryptocephalus (Kellogg & Paine, 1914)I Philopterus dumani R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus guttatus (Denny, 1842)I Philopterus lahorensis Ansari, 1955I Philopterus cubensis R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus urocissae R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus emersoni R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus ocellatus (Scopoli, 1763)I Philopterus dalgleishi R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus craigi R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus extraneus (Piaget, 1885)I Philopterus palmai R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus stegmanni T. Clay, 1936I Philopterus picae (Denny, 1842)I Philopterus underwoodi (Carriker Jr., 1903)I Philopterus osborni R.L. Edwards, 1952I Philopterus garruli Boisduval & Lacordaire, 1835I Philopterus martinezi Caabeiro, Gonzalez & Mateo, 1982I Philopterus phillipi Emerson, 1953I Philopterus crassipes (Burmeister, 1838)I Brueelia afzali Ansari, 1957J Brueelia argula (Burmeister, 1838)J Brueelia biocellata (Piaget, 1880)J Colpocephalum fregili Denny, 1842K Menacanthus gonophaeus (Burmeister, 1838) Myrsidea anaspila (Nitzsch, 1866) Myrsidea bakttitar (Ansari, 1951) Myrsidea brunnea (Nitzsch, 1866) Myrsidea isostoma (Nitzsch, 1866) Myrsidea trithorax (Piaget, 1885) Brueelia clayae Ansari, 1956J

Occurrence

Map/screenshot of georeferenced GBIF occurrences for Corvidae, taken on 2012-12-24, showing 9.220.355 records.

Bibliography

A. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. 3rd Edition. 2003
B. Handbuch der Vögel Mitteleuropas. 1993 [6]
C. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955 [8672]
D. Soler, M. & De Neve, L., Brood mate eviction or brood mate acceptance by brood parasitic nestlings? An experimental study with the non-evictor great spotted cuckoo and its magpie host in Behaviour ecology and sociobiology 67 (4). 2013 [6624]
E. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955: 161 [8672]
F. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955: 192 [8672]
G. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955: 194 [8672]
H. de Kort, S.R. & Clayton, N.S., An evolutionary perspective on caching by corvids in Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences Series B 273. 2006 [1003]
I. Price & Hellenthal, Taxonomy of Philopterus (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from the Corvidae (Passeriformes), with descriptions of nine new species. in Annals of the Entomological Society of America 91 (6) [78]
J. Emerson, K.C., Checklist of the Mallophaga of North America (North of Mexico). Part IV Bird host list. 1972 [8191]
K. Ansari, M.A.R., Studies on phthirapteran parasites (Mallophaga) infesting birds in the Panjab in Indian journal of entomology 17. 1956 [8188]