Corvidae Leach, 1820 sec. Droege, G., Corvids of the World

Primary tabs

Corvidae Leach, 1820 sec. Droege, G., Corvids of the World

http://www.corvids.de/images/Copenhagen2/DSC_0191.JPG

Distribution

Africa East Tropical AfricanativeA; Macaronesia (Canary Is. (Canary Is.nativeA), Cape Verde (Cape VerdenativeA)); Northeast Tropical AfricanativeA; Northern AfricanativeA; South Tropical AfricanativeA; Southern AfricanativeA; West Tropical AfricanativeA; West-Central Tropical AfricanativeA; Western Indian Ocean (Madagascar (MadagascarnativeA)), Asia-Temperate Arabian PeninsulanativeA; CaucasusnativeA; ChinanativeA; Eastern Asia (JapannativeA, KoreanativeA, Nansei-shoto (Nansei-shotonativeA), Taiwan (TaiwannativeA)); Middle AsianativeA; Mongolia (Mongolia (MongolianativeA)); Russian Far EastnativeA; SiberianativeA; Western AsianativeA, Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent (Assam (AssamnativeA), Bangladesh (BangladeshnativeA), East HimalayanativeA, IndianativeA, Maldives (MaldivesnativeA), Nepal (NepalnativeA), Pakistan (PakistannativeA), Sri Lanka (Sri LankanativeA), West HimalayanativeA); Indo-ChinanativeA; Malesia (BorneonativeA, Jawa (JawanativeA), Lesser Sunda Is. (Lesser Sunda Is.nativeA), Malaya (Peninsular MalaysianativeA), Maluku (MalukunativeA), Philippines (PhilippinesnativeA), Sulawesi (SulawesinativeA), Sumatera (SumateranativeA)); PapuasianativeA, Australasia Australia (New South WalesnativeA, Northern Territory (Northern TerritorynativeA), Queensland (QueenslandnativeA), South Australia (South AustralianativeA), Tasmania (TasmanianativeA), Victoria (VictorianativeA), Western Australia (Western AustralianativeA)); New Zealand (New Zealand North (New Zealand Northintroduced: naturalizedA), New Zealand South (New Zealand Southintroduced: naturalizedA)), Europe nativeA, Northern America nativeA, Pacific North-Central Pacific (Hawaii (Hawaiian Is.nativeA)); Northwestern Pacific (MarianasnativeA); Southwestern Pacific (New Caledonia (New CaledonianativeA)), Southern America Brazil (Brazil NorthnativeA, Brazil NortheastnativeA, Brazil SoutheastnativeA, Brazil West-CentralnativeA); Caribbean (Cuba (CubanativeA), Dominican Republic (Dominican RepublicnativeA), Haiti (HaitinativeA), Jamaica (JamaicanativeA), Puerto Rico (Puerto RiconativeA), Turks-Caicos Is. (Turks-Caicos Is.nativeA)); Central AmericanativeA; Northern South AmericanativeA; Southern South America (Argentina NortheastnativeA, Argentina NorthwestnativeA, Chile North (AntofagastanativeA, TarapacanativeA)); Western South AmericanativeA

Behaviour

Caching is very common in almost all Corvid genera worldwide. de Kort and Clayton (2006) performed tests with captivated birds and compared it with literature sources. Nucifraga, Perisoreus, Garrulus, Cyanocitta and Gymnorhinus are thereafter highly specialized cachers. No caching is known for the South-American genus Calocitta. All others are moderate cachers, as their ancestor might have been too (see Fig 1 in de Kort and Clayton, 2006).H

Ectoparasite

Philopterus corvi (Linnaeus, 1758)I Philopterus leptomelas (Nitzsch [In Giebel], 1866)I Philopterus albidus (Piaget, 1880)I Philopterus atratus Nitzsch, 1818I Philopterus clayae Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus ptilostomi Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus thryptocephalus (Kellogg & Paine, 1914)I Philopterus dumani Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus guttatus (Denny, 1842)I Philopterus lahorensis Ansari, 1955I Philopterus cubensis Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus urocissae Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus emersoni Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus ocellatus (Scopoli, 1763)I Philopterus dalgleishi Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus craigi Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus extraneus (Piaget, 1885)I Philopterus palmai Price & Hellenthal, 1998I Philopterus stegmanni Clay, 1936I Philopterus picae (Denny, 1842)I Philopterus underwoodi (Carriker, 1903)I Philopterus osborni Edwards, 1952I Philopterus garruli Boisduval & Lacordaire, 1835I Philopterus martinezi Caabeiro, Gonzalez & Mateo, 1982I Philopterus phillipi Emerson, 1953I Philopterus crassipes (Burmeister, 1838)I Brueelia afzali Ansari, 1957J Brueelia argula (Burmeister, 1838)J Brueelia biocellata (Piaget, 1880)J Colpocephalum fregili Denny, 1842K Menacanthus gonophaeus (Burmeister, 1838) Myrsidea anaspila (Nitzsch, 1866) Myrsidea bakttitar (Ansari, 1951) Myrsidea brunnea (Nitzsch, 1866) Myrsidea isostoma (Nitzsch, 1866) Myrsidea trithorax (Piaget, 1885) Brueelia clayae Ansari, 1956J

Occurrence

Map/screenshot of georeferenced GBIF occurrences for Corvidae, taken on 2012-12-24, showing 9.220.355 records.

Bibliography

A. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. 3rd Edition. 2003
B. Handbuch der Vögel Mitteleuropas. 1993 [6]
C. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955 [8672]
D. Soler, M. & De Neve, L., Brood mate eviction or brood mate acceptance by brood parasitic nestlings? An experimental study with the non-evictor great spotted cuckoo and its magpie host in Behaviour ecology and sociobiology 67 (4). 2013 [6624]
E. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955: 161 [8672]
F. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955: 192 [8672]
G. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955: 194 [8672]
H. de Kort, S.R. & Clayton, N.S., An evolutionary perspective on caching by corvids in Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences Series B 273. 2006 [1003]
I. Price & Hellenthal, Taxonomy of Philopterus (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from the Corvidae (Passeriformes), with descriptions of nine new species. in Annals of the Entomological Society of America 91 (6) [78]
J. Emerson, K.C., Checklist of the Mallophaga of North America (North of Mexico). Part IV Bird host list. 1972 [8191]
K. Ansari, M.A.R., Studies on phthirapteran parasites (Mallophaga) infesting birds in the Panjab in Indian journal of entomology 17. 1956 [8188]