Corvus Linnaeus, 1758 sec. Droege, G., Corvids of the World

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Corvus Linnaeus, 1758 sec. Droege, G., Corvids of the World

http://www.corvids.de/Images/Ottawa1/DSC_0715.jpg

Editorial Status

Currently not in focus of editorial work, unrevised text, last update: 2016-12-08.

Distribution

Africa East Tropical Africa nativeA; Macaronesia (Canary Is. (Canary Is. nativeA), Cape Verde (Cape Verde nativeA)); Northeast Tropical Africa nativeA; Northern Africa nativeA; South Tropical Africa nativeA; Southern Africa nativeA; West Tropical Africa nativeA; West-Central Tropical Africa nativeA; Western Indian Ocean (Madagascar (Madagascar nativeA)), Asia-Temperate Arabian Peninsula nativeA; Caucasus nativeA; China nativeA; Eastern Asia (Japan nativeA, Korea nativeA, Nansei-shoto (Nansei-shoto nativeA), Taiwan (Taiwan nativeA)); Middle Asia nativeA; Mongolia (Mongolia (Mongolia nativeA)); Russian Far East nativeA; Siberia nativeA; Western Asia nativeA, Asia-Tropical Indian Subcontinent (Assam (Assam nativeA), Bangladesh (Bangladesh nativeA), East Himalaya (Arunachal Pradesh nativeA, Bhutan nativeA), India nativeA, Maldives (Maldives nativeA), Nepal (Nepal nativeA), Pakistan (Pakistan nativeA), Sri Lanka (Sri Lanka nativeA), West Himalaya native); Indo-China (Andaman Is. (Andaman Is. nativeA), Cambodia (Cambodia nativeA), Laos (Laos nativeA), Myanmar (Myanmar nativeA), Thailand (Thailand nativeA), Vietnam (Vietnam nativeA)); Malesia (Borneo nativeA, Jawa (Jawa nativeA), Lesser Sunda Is. (Lesser Sunda Is. nativeA), Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia nativeA), Maluku (Maluku nativeA), Philippines (Philippines nativeA), Sulawesi (Sulawesi nativeA), Sumatera (Sumatera nativeA)); Papuasia nativeA, Australasia Australia (New South Wales nativeA, Northern Territory (Northern Territory nativeA), Queensland (Queensland nativeA), South Australia (South Australia nativeA), Tasmania (Tasmania nativeA), Victoria (Victoria nativeA), Western Australia (Western Australia nativeA)); New Zealand (New Zealand North (New Zealand North introduced: naturalizedA), New Zealand South (New Zealand South introduced: naturalizedA)), Europe nativeA, Northern America nativeA, Pacific North-Central Pacific (Hawaii (Hawaiian Is. nativeA)); Northwestern Pacific (Marianas nativeA); Southwestern Pacific (New Caledonia (New Caledonia nativeA)), Southern America Caribbean (Cuba (Cuba nativeA), Dominican Republic (Dominican Republic nativeA), Haiti (Haiti nativeA), Jamaica (Jamaica nativeA), Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico nativeA), Turks-Caicos Is. (Turks-Caicos Is. nativeA)); Central America (Belize (Belize nativeA), El Salvador (El Salvador nativeA), Guatemala (Guatemala nativeA), Honduras (Honduras nativeA), Nicaragua (Nicaragua nativeA))

Description

Corvus is an exceptional songbird genus in that it contains members (i.e.C. brachyrhynchos, C. ossifragus) that exhibit three rows of subalular coverts instead of the usual oscininen umber of two. The extra row consistso f three or four plumes lying between the mediansa nd marginalsa ssociatedw ith primaries 6, 7, 8, and 9. By definition of George & Casler (1972) these are "lessers," but whether they are homologous with the lessers of more primitive birds is most uncertain.B

Brood parasite

Ectoparasite

Philopterus corvi (Linnaeus, 1758)F Philopterus leptomelas (Nitzsch, 1866)F Philopterus albidus (Piaget, 1880)F Philopterus atratus Nitzsch, 1818F,G Philopterus clayae R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998F Philopterus lahorensis Ansari, 1955F Philopterus ocellatus (Scopoli, 1763)F Philopterus dalgleishi R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998F Philopterus craigi R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998F Philopterus extraneus (Piaget, 1885)F Philopterus palmai R.D. Price & Hellenthal, 1998F Philopterus osborni R.L. Edwards, 1952F Myrsidea anaspila (Nitzsch, 1866)H Colpocephalum fregili Denny, 1842H Myrsidea bakttitar (Ansari, 1951)H Myrsidea isostoma (Nitzsch, 1866)H Myrsidea trithorax (Piaget, 1885)I Menacanthus gonophaeus (Burmeister, 1838)I Brueelia afzali Ansari, 1957J Brueelia argula (Burmeister, 1838)K

Bibliography

A. The Howard and Moore complete checklist of the birds of the world. 3rd Edition. 2003
B. George, W.G. & Casler, C.L., Subalular apterium in birds in The Auk 89 (2). 1972: 257 [707]
C. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955: 151 [8672]
D. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955: 192 [8672]
E. Makatsch, W., Brood parasitism in birds. [Der Brutparasitismus in der Vogelwelt.]. 1955: 194 [8672]
F. Price & Hellenthal, Taxonomy of Philopterus (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from the Corvidae (Passeriformes), with descriptions of nine new species. in Annals of the Entomological Society of America 91 (6) [78]
G. Ansari, M.A.R., Studies on phthirapteran parasites (Mallophaga) infesting birds in the Panjab in Indian journal of entomology 17. 1956: 395 [8188]
H. Ansari, M.A.R., Studies on phthirapteran parasites (Mallophaga) infesting birds in the Panjab in Indian journal of entomology 17. 1956: 399 [8188]
I. Ansari, M.A.R., Studies on phthirapteran parasites (Mallophaga) infesting birds in the Panjab in Indian journal of entomology 17. 1956: 400 [8188]
J. Emerson, K.C., Checklist of the Mallophaga of North America (North of Mexico). Part IV Bird host list. 1972: 25 [8191]
K. Emerson, K.C., Checklist of the Mallophaga of North America (North of Mexico). Part IV Bird host list. 1972: 26 [8191]